Tooth brushing is the main method and means of dental care. In order to have white and healthy teeth, people should brush their teeth every day. Improper brushing can cause damage to the teeth, such as tooth wear and gingival recession.

brush teeth

Purpose of brushing teeth:

Brushing and toothpaste can remove foreign bodies and odors in the oral cavity, reduce bacteria and their nutrients, and prevent caries and periodontal disease; brushing and massaging the gums can promote blood circulation, enhance the degree of keratinization of gingival epithelial tissue, and improve the gingival disease resistance of the tissue.

How to brush your teeth:

How to brush your teeth

Point the toothbrush bristles in the direction of the gums, and then gently brush from the gums to the tooth surfaces in the direction of the occlusal surface, creating a friction action similar to that when chewing fibrous food on the gums and tooth surfaces. This brushing method can clean the tooth surface, stimulate the blood circulation of the gum tissue, and promote the health of the periodontal tissue. Or make the toothbrush bristles at an angle of about 45 degrees to the long axis of the teeth, stick to the tooth surface, point the bristles in the direction of the gums, press the tip lightly on the edge of the gums, and make a gentle short-distance vibration in the front and rear direction, so that the bristles connect the gums and the teeth at the junction. of dirt removed. The combination of these two methods can effectively remove bacteria and crumbs on the tooth surface, interdental space, and tooth neck.

Time to brush your teeth:

Brush your teeth morning and night

After getting up in the morning and before going to bed at night, you should brush your teeth for 2-3 minutes each time, and insist on gargling after meals. In particular, you must brush your teeth every night before going to bed to remove the food residues and dirt accumulated on the teeth that day. Otherwise, in the sleep state at night, the bacteria in the oral cavity will use the food debris in the teeth to produce acid after metabolism, which will lead to prolonged exposure. Occurrence of dental caries and periodontal disease.

The principles of brushing your teeth:

1)Partition brush. The teeth of the whole mouth can be divided into two parts: maxillary teeth and mandibular teeth. The upper and lower parts can be further divided into left and right sides respectively. Each side can be subdivided into the front, middle and rear areas. Each area includes 2-3 teeth, and after cleaning one area, brush another area.

2)Brush sequentially. It is necessary to brush through each community in a certain order to avoid omissions. As for the arrangement of the order, it can be determined according to each person’s habits.

3)Brush on three sides. When people brush their teeth, they usually only brush the outside of the teeth, without brushing the lingual and palatal surfaces and occlusal surfaces, so that although the appearance of the teeth looks clean, the lingual and palatal surfaces of the teeth are full of dirt. To avoid this, be sure to brush the buccal, lingual, and occlusal surfaces when brushing your teeth.

4)Repeat brushing. The toothbrush must be repeatedly brushed back and forth about 10 times on the tooth surface of each area so that it is possible to clean the tooth surface.

Choice of brushing teeth tools:

tools for brushing teeth

Toothbrush tools include toothbrushes and dentifrices, with toothbrushes being the first choice and dentifrice being the second choice. To choose a healthy toothbrush that meets hygienic requirements, a health toothbrush has the following characteristics:

The brush head is small and can be rotated flexibly in the mouth.

The bristles are arranged reasonably, generally, there are 2-3 rows, which is convenient for cleaning teeth and cleaning. The bristles are made of high-quality nylon silk, which is thin and elastic.

The top of the bristles is rounded (a bristle toothbrush), which is not easy to damage the teeth and gums when brushing.

Those with obvious gingival recession and obvious interdental exposure should use an interdental brush.

When brushing children’s teeth, they must use a children’s toothbrush specially designed and produced for children. The brush head should be short and narrow, with 2-3 rows of bristles. The bristles should be moderate in height, relatively soft, and cylindrical in shape. Damage to the gums. In addition, pay attention to keeping the toothbrush clean and hygienic. After brushing the teeth, rinse the toothbrush with clean water, then spin the water dry, and place the toothbrush head up in the mouthwash cup to dry it. It is best to wash the toothbrush with boiling water once a week, and replace it with a new toothbrush every 3 months or so, or replace it in time when the bristles of the toothbrush are bifurcated and curled.

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